Menopause before 40 may lead to fractures

A study recently published in a journal called Menopause has revealed that those women who hit menopause before the age of 40 are at a greater risk of having bones related issues. For them, fractures are very common as bones become weak and bone loss occurs more rapidly.

In order to increase bone mineral density, women can take calcium and vitamin D supplements but along with menopause it becomes difficult to make bones stronger even with such supplements.

menopauseBased on an evaluation of nearly 22,000 women included in the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) trials, women aged younger than 40 years and in menopause suffered from higher risks for fracture than women who experienced menopause after the age of 40.

But ladies who are going through menopause and are not more than 52 years of age have a solution called hormone therapy. Hormone therapy reduces the risk of heart disease, osteoporosis and mood changes. It uses female hormones—estrogen and progesterone to treat symptoms of menopause and aging. Doctors prescribe it during or after menopause.

There is a direct relationship between the lack of estrogen during menopause and the development of osteoporosis. Those with early menopause if treated on time, can prevent themselves from having bone related issues such as osteoporosis. Treatment shall include hormone therapy, calcium and vitamin D supplements. The treatment can ultimately help in bone protection and reduce fracture risk.

JoAnn Pinkerton from the North American Menopause Society (NAMS) says, “The study highlights the need for healthcare providers to take into consideration a woman’s age at menopause onset when evaluating patients for fracture risk.”

Women who are at risk for bone loss need around 1,200 mg of calcium per day. Adequate amount of Vitamin D is equally important. Moreover, instead of having too many supplements ladies should be given calcium and Vitamin D through a healthy diet. Having many calcium tablets is also not good for body as it may increase atherosclerotic plaque.

“Women with early menopause should discuss with their healthcare providers whether they are candidates for hormone therapy or not. Also, they must ensure having appropriate amount of calcium and vitamin D,” said Pinkerton.

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